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Ensayos clínicos sobre el cribado

En la Iniciativa Americana del Cribado del Cáncer de Pulmón nuestra misión es difundir la concientización sobre la importancia del cribado del cáncer de pulmón en los pacientes de alto riesgo. Obtenga más información sobre los principales ensayos clínicos del cribado del cáncer de pulmón aquí.

Para las personas en alto riesgo de cáncer de pulmón, la detección temprana del cáncer de pulmón con tomografía computarizada (TC) de dosis baja salva vidas.

Varios ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados han encontrado que las tomografías computarizadas de dosis baja detectan la mayoría de los cánceres de pulmón en una etapa temprana reduciendo significativamente la mortalidad por éste.

A continuación se muestran los resultados resumidos de los tres ensayos clínicos más importantes para el cribado del cáncer de pulmón.

U.S. NATIONAL LUNG SCREENING TRIAL

Summary: The goal of this study was to determine the effectiveness of using a low dose CT scan to detect lung cancer in patients considered high risk for lung cancer. Read the article here: Reduced Lung-Cancer Mortality with Low-Dose Computed Tomographic Screening | NEJM

 

The study looked at 2 groups: A group of patients who received annual low dose CT scans and a group of patients who received annual chest x-rays.

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THE NELSON TRIAL

Summary: The goal of this study was to determine if lung-cancer mortality for high-risk persons was significantly lower among those who underwent volume CT screening than among those who underwent no screening. Read the published article: Reduced Lung-Cancer Mortality with Volume CT Screening in a Randomized Trial | NEJM

 

Participants were randomly assigned to undergo CT screening at T0 (baseline), year 1, year 3, and year 5.5 or no screening.

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RESÚMEN DE LOS PRINCIPALES ENSAYOS CLÍNICOS PARA EL CRIBADO DEL CÁNCER DE PULMÓN

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